Lasers are still fairly new technology to the dental field, though more and more dentists begin using lasers in their practice every day. Lasers can perform several procedures, including the following:
- Cure dental cement (used in cosmetic dentistry) and dental fillings, hardening these materials and strengthening their bond to the tooth.
- Remove oral tissues and lesions for biopsy.
- Cut through and dissolve tissue in oral surgery.
- Remove tooth decay and prepare the surrounding tooth enamel to receive a dental filling.
- Treat gum disease by sterilizing the bacteria that grow around teeth and reshaping the gum tissue.
- Relieve pain from cold sores and canker sores.
- Seal the tubes in the tooth root that causes sensitivity to hot, cold, sweet, and acidic foods.
- Disinfect the grooves of teeth before they receive a pit and fissure sealant.
- Lengthen tooth crowns by exposing healthy tooth structure through gum and bone tissue reshaping.
Though dental lasers cannot treat cavities between teeth or around old fillings, they are an excellent option for those who dislike dental drills. Additionally, lasers reduce bleeding, swelling, discomfort, and the risk for bacterial infection.